On February 11, 2020, the WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION announced an official name for the disease that is causing the 2019 NOVEL (new and not resembling something formerly known or used) coronavirus outbreak, first identified in WUHAN CHINA. The new name of this disease is CORONAVIRUS 2019, abbreviated as COVID-19. In COVID-19, ‘CO’ stands for ‘corona,’ ‘VI’ for ‘virus,’ and ‘D’ for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as “2019 novel coronavirus” or “2019-nCoV”. Dr. MICHAEL MINA, an EPIDEMIOLOGY researcher at Harvard, said: “We don’t have evidence yet to suggest this is any more VIRULENT than the flu you see in the U.S. each year. Most people, with proper medical attention, will do just fine.”
When did the World Health Organization announce the official name for the disease? FEBRUARY 11, 2020
Which word meant new and not resembling something formerly known or used? NOVEL
In which city and country was the coronavirus outbreak first identified? WUHAN CHINA
What is the abbreviated name of this disease? COVID 19
What does the D stand for in COVID? DISEASE
Tell me one thing Michael Mina says about the virus. NO EVIDENCE TO SUGGEST
IT IS MORE VIRULENT THAN THE FLU, AND MOST PEOPLE WITH PROPER MEDICAL
ATTENTION WILL DO JUST FINE
There are many types of human coronaviruses, including some that commonly cause mild UPPER-RESPIRATORY TRACT illnesses. COVID-19 is a new disease caused by a new coronavirus that has not previously been seen in humans. The virus causing COVID-19 is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illnesses like the COMMON COLD. Fortunately, the COVID-19 virus seems to cause only MINOR SYMPTOMS, such as
FEVER and difficulty with BREATHING in people who are young and healthy. As of March 11, 2020, the flu is showing much more of an impact on Americans than COVID-19, and it’s important to note that kids have much milder symptoms!
There are many types of human coronaviruses, including some that commonly cause mild ____________ illnesses. UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT
COVID-19 is a new disease caused by a new coronavirus that has not previously been seen in _____. HUMANS
Name one of the minor symptoms seen with COVID-19 in people who are young and healthy. FEVER, DIFFICULTY BREATHING
What shows much more of an impact on Americans than COVID-19? THE FLU, FLU
According to the lesson, what is it important to note? KIDS HAVE MUCH MILDER SYMPTOMS
What is an example of a non-contagious disease?
The first infections in China were linked to a live animal market, but the virus is now spreading from person to person. It’s important to note that person-to-person spread can happen on a CONTINUUM (a sequence or progression of values or elements varying by minute degrees). Some viruses are highly contagious (like MEASLES), while other viruses are less so. The virus that causes COVID-19 seems to be spreading easily and sustainably in the community (“community spread”) in some affected geographic areas. COMMUNITY SPREAD means people have been infected with the virus in an area, including some who are not sure how or where they became infected.
The first infections in China were linked to a ____ ______ ______. LIVE ANIMAL MARKET
The virus is now spreading from ___________. PERSON TO PERSON
Which word was used, meaning a sequence or progression of values or elements varying by minute degrees? CONTINUUM
How do viruses differ from each other? SOME ARE HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS; SOME ARE LESS SO
What does community spread mean? PEOPLE HAVE BEEN INFECTED WITH THE
VIRUS IN AN AREA, INCLUDING SOME WHO ARE NOT SURE HOW OR WHERE THEY BECAME INFECTED
Someone who is ACTIVELY sick with COVID-19 can spread the illness to others. It is recommended that these patients be ISOLATED (having minimal contact with others) either in the HOSPITAL or at home until they are better and no longer pose a risk of infecting others. How long someone is actively sick can vary, so the decision on when to release someone from isolation is made on a case-by-case basis in consultation with DOCTORS, INFECTION PREVENTION and CONTROL EXPERTS, and PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICIALS and involves considering specifics of each situation, including DISEASE SEVERITY, ILLNESS SIGNS and SYMPTOMS, and RESULTS OF LABORATORY TESTING for that patient.
Someone who is _______ sick with COVID-19 can spread the illness to others. ACTIVELY
What word did I use that means having minimal contact with others? Isolated
Name one place it is recommended that those actively sick be isolated. HOSPITAL, HOME
Name one person who consults on whether or not a person should be released from isolation. DOCTORS, INFECTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL EXPERTS, PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICIALS
What is one of the specifics of each situation that they consider? DISEASE SEVERITY, ILLNESS SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS, RESULTS OF LABORATORY TESTING
Current CDC – CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION, guidance for when someone can be released from isolation is made on a case-by-case basis and includes meeting all of the following requirements:
-The patient is free from FEVER without the use of fever-reducing MEDICATIONS.
-The patient is no longer showing symptoms, including COUGH.
-The patient has tested NEGATIVE on at least two CONSECUTIVE RESPIRATORY SPECIMENS collected at least 24 hours apart.
Someone who has been released from isolation is not considered to pose a risk of infection to others.
What does CDC stand for? CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION
CDC guidance for when someone can be released from isolation is made on a ________ basis. CASE BY CASE
What is one requirement that must be met to be released and ensure that one poses no risk of infection to others? FREE FROM FEVER WITHOUT THE USE OF MEDICATIONS, NO LONGER SHOWING SYMPTOMS INCLUDING COUGH, TESTED NEGATIVE ON TWO CONSECUTIVE RESPIRATORY SPECIMENS COLLECTED AT LEAST 24 HOURS APART
Coronaviruses are generally thought to be spread from person to person through RESPIRATORY DROPLETS. Currently, there is no evidence to support the transmission of COVID-19 associated with FOOD. Before preparing or eating food, it is important to always WASH YOUR HANDS with SOAP and WATER for 20 seconds for general food safety. Try singing a song in your head while you’re washing, HAPPY BIRTHDAY is an easy one that everyone knows, and the length is appropriate! Throughout the day, wash your hands after BLOWING YOUR NOSE, COUGHING or SNEEZING, or GOING TO THE BATHROOM.
Coronaviruses are generally thought to be spread from person-to-person through__________ _______. RESPIRATORY DROPLETS
Currently, there is no evidence to support the transmission of COVID-19 associated with ____. FOOD
What is it important to do before preparing or eating food? WASH YOUR HANDS
WITH SOAP AND WATER FOR 20 SECONDS
What song was suggested to sing while washing your hands? HAPPY BIRTHDAY
Name one other situation in which you should wash your hands. AFTER BLOWING
YOUR NOSE, AFTER COUGHING, AFTER SNEEZING, AFTER GOING TO THE
What song would you prefer to sing or think of while you’re washing your hands to make sure you wash them long enough?
It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own MOUTH, NOSE, or possibly their EYES, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads. In general, because of the poor SURVIVABILITY of these coronaviruses on surfaces, there is likely a very low risk of spread from FOOD PRODUCTS or PACKAGING that are shipped over a period of days or weeks at AMBIENT, REFRIGERATED, or FROZEN TEMPERATURES.
It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own _____. MOUTH, NOSE OR EYES
This is not thought to be the main way the virus ______. SPREADS
Coronaviruses have poor __________ on surfaces. SURVIVABILITY
There is a very low risk of spread from _______. FOOD PRODUCTS OR PACKAGING
THAT ARE SHIPPED OVER A PERIOD OF DAYS OR WEEKS AT AMBIENT, REFRIGERATED, or FROZEN TEMPERATURES
It is not yet known whether WEATHER and TEMPERATURE impact the spread of COVID-19. Some other viruses, like the common cold and flu, spread more during cold weather months, but that does not mean it is impossible to become sick with these viruses during other months. At this time, it is not known whether the spread of COVID-19 will decrease when the weather becomes warmer. There is much more to learn about the TRANSMISSIBILITY, SEVERITY, and other features associated with COVID-19, and investigations are ongoing!
It is not yet known whether ______ and ________ impact the spread of COVID-19. WEATHER, TEMPERATURE
What spreads more during cold weather months? COMMON COLD, FLU
However, it is not _________ to become sick with these viruses during other months. IMPOSSIBLE
What is there more to learn about with regard to COVID-19? TRANSMISSION, SEVERITY, OTHER FEATURES
Early information out of China, where COVID-19 first started, shows that some people are at higher risk of getting very sick from this illness. This includes OLDER ADULTS (over the age of 60) and people who have serious CHRONIC medical conditions like HEART DISEASE, DIABETES, and LUNG DISEASE. If a COVID-19 outbreak (when a large number of people suddenly get sick) happens in your community, it could last for a while. Depending on how severe the outbreak is, public health officials may recommend COMMUNITY ACTIONS to reduce people’s risk of being exposed to COVID-19. These actions can slow the spread and reduce the impact of disease.
Early information shows that some people are at higher ____ of getting very sick from COVID-19. RISK
Who is at higher risk of getting very sick? OLDER ADULTS, PEOPLE WITH SERIOUS
CHRONIC MEDICAL CONDITIONS LIKE HEART DISEASE, DIABETES, LUNG DISEASE
What is an outbreak? WHEN A LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE SUDDENLY GET SICK
Public officials may recommend _______ ______ to reduce people’s risk of being exposed to COVID-19. COMMUNITY ACTIONS
These actions can do what? SLOW THE SPREAD AND REDUCE THE IMPACT OF THE DISEASE
There is no evidence that CHILDREN are more susceptible to COVID-19, and in fact, most confirmed cases of COVID-19 reported from China have occurred in adults. Infections in children have been reported, including in very young children.
From limited information published from past Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreaks, infection among children was relatively uncommon. However, children and everyone should engage in usual PREVENTATIVE actions to avoid infection.
There is no evidence that ______ are more susceptible to COVID-19. CHILDREN
Most confirmed cases of COVID-19 reported from China have occurred in _____. ADULTS
Everyone should engage in what? USUAL PREVENTATIVE ACTIONS TO AVOID INFECTION
So what can you do? Well, the first thing is to clean your hands often! We said this above, but it’s worth saying again. Wash your hands often with SOAP and WATER for at least 20 SECONDS, especially after you have been in a PUBLIC PLACE or after BLOWING YOUR NOSE, COUGHING, or SNEEZING. If soap and water are not readily available, use a HAND SANITIZER that contains at least 60% ALCOHOL. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry. Also, avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with UNWASHED hands.
The first thing you can do is what? CLEAN YOUR HANDS OFTEN
Wash your hands with ____ and _____ for at least 20 seconds! SOAP, WATER
You should wash your hands after you have done what? BEEN IN A PUBLIC PLACE, BLEW YOUR NOSE, COUGHED, SNEEZED
If soap and water are not readily available, use a ___ _______. HAND SANITIZER
What should your hand sanitizer contain? AT LEAST SIXTY PERCENT ALCOHOL
How should hand sanitizer be used? COVER ALL SURFACES OF YOUR HANDS AND RUB THEM TOGETHER UNTIL THEY FEEL DRY
You should also avoid touching what with unwashed hands. YOUR EYES, NOSE, AND MOUTH
If you wash your hands for the appropriate amount of time 15 times today, how much time will you have spent washing your hands? 15 x 20 = 300 SECONDS, 300 ÷ 60 = 5 MINUTES
VAKT: Go wash your hand for 20 seconds! Cover your entire hands with soap and water, and rub them together while you sing a song!
This one goes without saying, but avoid close contact with people who are sick, and put distance between yourself and other people if COVID-19 is spreading in your community. This is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick. But look on the bright side, if this happens, it’s a great time to catch up on all of those NETFLIX shows you’ve wanted to BINGE, get those house projects all done, and bond with your family!
According to the lesson, avoid close contact with people who are sick and put ______ between yourself and other people if COVID-19 is spreading in your community. DISTANCE
If you do have to distance yourself from the community, what was a suggested activity? BINGING ON NETFLIX, GETTING HOUSE PROJECTS DONE, BONDING WITH
What is something else you would enjoy doing if you had to spend extra time at home?
If you do get sick, stay home except to get medical care. People who are mildly ill with COVID-19 are able to ISOLATE at home during their illness. You should restrict activities outside your home, except for getting medical care. Do not go to work, school, or public areas, and avoid using PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION, RIDESHARING, or TAXIS. As much as possible, you should stay in a specific room and away from other people in your home and use a separate bathroom, if available.
If you do get sick, you should stay home except to get what? MEDICAL CARE
People who are mildly ill with COVID-19 are able to _______ at home during their illness. ISOLATE
What is an example of something you should not do if you are sick? GO TO WORK, GO TO SCHOOL, GO TO PUBLIC AREAS, USE PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION RIDE
SHARING OR TAXIS
You should stay in a specific room, away from other people in your home, and use a ______ _______ if available. SEPARATE BATHROOM
What is something else you can think of that you shouldn’t do if sick?
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, or use the inside of your elbow! Throw used tissues in the trash, and then immediately wash your hands or use hand sanitizer!
Let’s practice! Grab a tissue and hold it up over your mouth, and then cough into it. Now go throw it away! Then hold up your arm and cough into your elbow!
Practice this often because we should be doing this anyway, all year round. Now let’s practice a sneeze in a tissue! Close your mouth with tight lips! Pull a tissue out of the box, and hold it up to your nose, covering both your nostrils.
Keep those lips closed and BLOW!
If you are sick, don’t panic! Remember, the virus seems to cause only minor symptoms, such as fever and difficulty with breathing, in people who are young and healthy! Focus on that which you can control! If you are sick, you should wear a FACEMASK when you are around other people and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office. If you are not able to wear a facemask, then you should do your best to cover your coughs and sneezes, and people who are caring for you should wear a facemask if they enter your room. If you are not sick, you do not need to wear a facemask unless you are caring for someone who is sick and they are unable to wear a facemask. Facemasks may be in short supply, and they should be saved for caregivers.
If you are sick, don’t _____! PANIC
If you are sick, you should wear a ________ when you are around other people and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office. FACEMASK
What should you do if you are not able to wear a facemask? DO YOUR BEST TO COVER YOUR COUGHS AND SNEEZES
If you are not sick, when is the only time you should wear a facemask? IF YOU ARE CARING FOR SOMEONE WHO IS SICK AND THEY ARE UNABLE TO WEAR A
Facemasks may be in short supply, and they should be saved for ________. CAREGIVERS
Would you find it hard to wear a facemask? Why or why not?
The last thing we can all do is CLEAN, and DISINFECT frequently touched surfaces daily! This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks, and don’t forget your LETTERBOARDS! If surfaces are dirty – clean them! Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
The last thing we can all do is _____ and ______ frequently touched surfaces daily! CLEAN, DISINFECT
What is one suggested item to clean and disinfect? TABLES, DOORKNOBS, LIGHT SWITCHES, COUNTERTOPS, HANDLES, DESKS, PHONES, KEYBOARDS, TOILETS, FAUCETS, SINKS, LETTERBOARDS
What should be used prior to disinfection? DETERGENT, SOAP, AND WATER
There are many things we CAN control during this period, and those are the things that it is best to focus on! Get facts from REPUTABLE (reliable, trustworthy) news sources, listen to the scientists, and do your best to stop the spread of germs to protect yourself and others!
What word did I use for reliable or trustworthy? REPUTABLE
What should we focus on during this period? THE THINGS WE CAN CONTROL
What should we do? GET FACTS FROM REPUTABLE NEWS SOURCES, LISTEN TO THE SCIENTISTS DO THEIR BEST TO STOP THE SPREAD OF GERMS TO PROTECT THEMSELVES AND OTHERS
What is your wellness plan during this time?
What support do you need to accomplish your plan?
What other concerns do you have about COVID-19?