HOLI (pronounced Holey) is celebrated in India and other parts of the world. it is one of the most vibrant and colorful FESTIVALS celebrated the world over. Holi is a celebration of love, friendship, and the triumph of good over evil. The festival falls on the full moon day of the Hindu month of PHALGUNA, which usually occurs in February or March. The spectacular colors used to celebrate Holi, FORESHADOWS (an indication of a future event) spring flowers rioting in color.
FESTIVAL MONTH SPECTACULAR
Which festival are we talking about? HOLI
Which season does Holi foreshadow? SPRING
What day does Holi fall on? FULL MOON
Which Hindu month does Holi fall on? PHALGUNA
Name a calendar month that Holi can be in? FEBRUARY/MARCH
What is Holi a celebration of? LOVE/FRIENDSHIP/TRIUMPH OF GOOD OVER EVIL
Give me a word that rhymes with Holi.
Name something you think foreshadows the coming of a season.
The way people play Holi can vary depending on region and cultural traditions. However, there are some common practices that are typically observed during the festival. Before Holi, people shop for POWDERED colors called GULAL (goo-lahl) and other supplies such as water GUNS and water BALLOONS. On the day of the festival, people gather in public spaces or in the streets to play with gulal and water. Friends and family apply gulal to each other’s faces, hair, and arms. They throw handfuls of it in the air in a beautiful burst of color. People also dissolve packets of color in buckets of water, fill up PICHKARIS (pitch-kahri) (a kind of water gun) and water balloons with colored water, and throw it on each other. People form teams and try to get as much color on the other team as possible. It’s a lot like a paintball match or a snowball fight, with everybody in the neighborhood playing. The festival is all about play. ‘Are you going to play Holi?’ or ‘Come and play Holi are the ways in which you invite people to participate in the festival.
COMMON FAMILY CULTURE
What are the powdered colors known as? GULAL
How people celebrate Holi depends on the region and _________ traditions CULTURAL
A pichkari is a kind of ___________ WATER GUN
Gulal is thrown into the air or rubbed onto _________ FACES/HAIR/ARMS
People play Holi in__________ PUBLIC SPACES/STREETS
Name an activity that Holi is compared with in this lesson PAINTBALL/SNOWBALL FIGHT
Which favorite sport or play would you convert into a festival/holiday?
VAKT: Watch this video on Holi celebrations in Jodhpur, India. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R1hs5FO_Oqk
Most people wear their oldest clothes to go out and play Holi. Traditionally people dressed all in white, so the colors would pop on the white background. That’s less of a trend now, given that Holi RUINS (spoils) your clothes. When you play Holi and get someone with gulal or colored water, you shout out ‘HOLI HAI’. Holi Hai translates to – It is Holi. The SUBTEXT (underlying message) of that expression is – I got you with color, and it’s all good because it’s Holi. In addition to playing with gulal and water, traditional snacks and drinks are made and shared among friends and family. GUJIYA is a sweet snack, and MATHRI is a savory snack eaten with pickles. BHANG, another name for CANNABIS (also known as Marijuana, a psychoactive drug), is served in a drink called THANDAI in some parts of the country. There is always a version without cannabis available. Thandai is made of milk, cooked with ground-up nuts such as PISTACHIOS, ALMONDS, sugar, and spices like CARDOMMOM and SAFFRON.
EXPRESSION SUGAR TRADITIONAL
What do people shout out loud while playing Holi? HOLI HAI
What color clothing did people wear before it became less of a trend? WHITE
Mathri is a savory snack eaten with? PICKLES
Name a spice used to make Thandai CARDOMMOM/SAFFRON
What would you wear to play Holi?
VAKT Watch the youtube video to make Thandai. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aKE7hfte-q8
Let’s talk about the origins of Holi. According to Indian scriptures, the festival originated as a celebration of the victory of good over evil. The king of demons – HIRANYAKASHIPU, was granted a boon that made him INDESTRUCTIBLE because nobody could defeat him or kill him. This led him to conquer the three worlds in Hindu COSMOLOGY (the science of the universe). His son PRAHALAD was a rebel and chose to follow the Hindu god Vishnu instead of his father. Hiranyakashipu wanted to kill his son for this, but his many attempts failed. This was because of Prahlad’s faith in Vishnu and the protection he received in return.
One day, Hiranyakashipu decided to kill his son with the help of his sister HOLIKA, who was immune to fire. They planned to burn Prahlad alive by tricking him into sitting on Holika’s lap while she sat in a fire. However, to their surprise, Holika was burnt to ashes while Prahlad emerged untouched by fire. This event is believed to have symbolized the victory of good over evil, and since then, Holi is celebrated to mark this victory.
What is Hiranyakashipu the king of? DEMONS
How many worlds are there in Hindu Cosmology? THREE
Who protected Prahlad against his father? VISHNU
Name a reason why Hiranyakashipu was indestructible. NOBODY COULD KILL HIM/DEFEAT HIM
Where was Prahlad seated with Holika? ON HER LAP/IN A FIRE
If you were immune to injury from fire, what would you do?
VAKT: Trace the outlines of the fire in the picture above
Holi, like anything colorful and popular, lends itself to ARTISTIC expression. It is a CINEMATIC (related to motion pictures) backdrop to many movies made in India. It is a popular setting to music videos that form an integral part of any HINDI (language spoken in India) movies. The Hindi movie industry is known as BOLLYWOOD.
Moving beyond the subcontinent, it found its way to the British rock band COLDPLAY. This band was formed in 1998. Coldplay released a music video – HYMN FOR THE WEEKEND, in 2015. Here Beyonce plays a CAMEO (a brief dramatic appearance) role dressed as an Indian actress. Why does an iconic black woman musician play the role of an Indian movie star? Should an Indian actress have been chosen instead? Is the use of Holi in this music video for the purpose of profit an instance of CULTURAL APPROPRIATION? SIRI, the voice feature in APPLE (iPhone, iPad) products, defines cultural appropriation as the unacknowledged or inappropriate adoption of the customs, practices ideas of one person or society by members of another and typically more dominant people or society. According to THE GUARDIAN, a British newspaper, the images of levitating holy men and a blue-skinned child dressed as a Hindu god in the video feed into the representation of India as a spiritual, colorful, and poverty-stricken place. These ideas were popularized by the forces of COLONIALISM, which allowed one person to conquer and rule other people for their own profit.
Could Coldplay have made different choices and still have used this festival as a rich visual backdrop?
ICONIC CINEMATIC VIDEO
Holi forms a cinematic background in many_________ HINDI MOVIES
What is the Hindi movie industry known as? BOLLYWOOD
Name the voice feature in Apple products. SIRI
_____________allowed the conquest and rule of one people over another people. COLONIALISM
How long ago did Coldplay come together as a rock band? 2023-1998=25 years
Name one description for Beyonce. BLACK/WOMAN/MUSICIAN/ICONIC
What kind of band is Coldplay? BRITISH/ROCK BAND
Give an example of representation that feeds a particular power structure
Give an example of how Holi can be used for artistic expression
VAKTS Let’s watch these youtube videos
Popular Indian Movie Music Video
Coldplay’s Music Video: Hymn for the weekend
Describe setting up for a Holi party in the country you are in. How would you modify it to suit the setting you are in.